Common Diagnosis for Vision Therapy

Convergence Excess

The eyes are excessively converging (the teaming of the two eyes together inward) at near and at distance.

General Binocular Vision Disorder

The inability to efficiently utilize and/or sustain binocular vision (the teaming of two eyes together), so they can simultaneously and accurately work together as a coordinated team.

Convergence Insufficiency, Exotropia

The inability to efficiently utilize and/or sustain convergence (the teaming of the two eyes together inward), so they can simultaneously and accurately point to the same place when reading and working together as a coordinated team.

Accommodative Infacility

The focusing system is underactive, so it does not supply enough focusing power to provide a clear image at near or far distance quickly and efficiently.

Deficiencies of Pursuits and Saccades

Inability to fixate on objects (fixations), quickly and accurately jump from one object to another (saccades), and to track moving objects efficiently (pursuits). These are the motor skills that allow you to move your eyes that give you speed and control of the eye muscles to accurately inspect the environment.

Suppression

Blocking out the vision of one eye when trying to use both eyes together.

Amblyopia

Decrease in visual acuity and deficient performance of the visual system not attributable to obvious structural or pathological anomalies.

Symptoms of one needing Vision Therapy

  • One eye turns in or out at any time
  • Reddened eyes or lids
  • Eyes tear excessively
  • Frequent sties or encrusted eyelids
  • Frequent blinking
  • Squinting or rubbing of the eyes
  • Headaches in forehead or temples
  • Burning or itchy eyes after reading or desk work
  • Print blurs after reading a short time
  • Complaints of seeing double
  • Words move or run together
  • Words get fat or develop a halo
  • Head turns as one reads across page
  • Loses place frequently when reading
  • Needs finger or marker to keep place
  • Short attention span when reading or copying
  • Frequently omits small words
  • Re-reads or skips lines unknowingly
  • Omits letters, numbers or phrases
  • Squints, closes or covers one eye
  • Tilts head extremely when working at desk
  • Misaligns number and digit columns
  • Bumps into objects
  • Bothered by light
  • Must feel things to get idea
  • Eyes not used to direct hand movement
  • One eye turns in or out at any time
  • Reddened eyes or lids
  • Eyes tear excessively
  • Frequent sties or encrusted eyelids
  • Frequent blinking
  • Squinting or rubbing of the eyes
  • Headaches in forehead or temples
  • Burning or itchy eyes after reading or desk work
  • Print blurs after reading a short time
  • Complaints of seeing double
  • Words move or run together
  • Words get fat or develop a halo
  • Head turns as one reads across page
  • Loses place frequently when reading
  • Needs finger or marker to keep place
  • Short attention span when reading or copying
  • Frequently omits small words
  • Re-reads or skips lines unknowingly
  • Omits letters, numbers or phrases
  • Squints, closes or covers one eye
  • Tilts head extremely when working at desk
  • Misaligns number and digit columns
  • Bumps into objects
  • Bothered by light
  • Must feel things to get idea
  • Eyes not used to direct hand movement
  • Writes crookedly or poorly spaced
  • Repeatedly confuses left-right directions
  • Fails to recognize same word in next sentence
  • Reverses letters and or words in writing and copying
  • Difficulties in recognizing minor differences
  • Fails to visualize what is read silently or aloud
  • Whispers to self for reinforcement while reading silently
  • Uses “drawing with fingers” to discriminate similarities and differences
  • Quickly loses interest in reading
  • Blinks excessively at desk task or reading
  • Holds book too closely; face too close at desk
  • Makes errors in copying from page to paper
  • Squints to see at distance
  • Rubs eyes during or after short periods of visual activity
  • Blinks to clear distance after reading or near task
  • Dizziness or nausea
  • Trouble with balance
  • Car sickness
  • Trouble remembering
  • Trouble paying attention
  • Reacts slowly
  • Thinks slowly
  • Has trouble remembering to do things on time
  • Has trouble planning, starting, doing and finishing a task
  • Writes crookedly or poorly spaced
  • Repeatedly confuses left-right directions
  • Fails to recognize same word in next sentence
  • Reverses letters and or words in writing and copying
  • Difficulties in recognizing minor differences
  • Fails to visualize what is read silently or aloud
  • Whispers to self for reinforcement while reading silently
  • Uses "drawing with fingers" to discriminate similarities and differences
  • Quickly loses interest in reading
  • Blinks excessively at desk task or reading
  • Holds book too closely; face too close at desk
  • Makes errors in copying from page to paper
  • Squints to see at distance
  • Rubs eyes during or after short periods of visual activity
  • Blinks to clear distance after reading or near task
  • Dizziness or nausea
  • Trouble with balance
  • Car sickness
  • Trouble remembering
  • Trouble paying attention
  • Reacts slowly
  • Thinks slowly
  • Has trouble remembering to do things on time
  • Has trouble planning, starting, doing and finishing a task